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原创诺贝尔文学奖公布,诞生“双黄蛋”

admin 2019-11-10 287人围观 ,发现0个评论

自10月7号以来,一年一度的诺贝尔奖正式拉开序幕。去年因丑闻事件而推迟的文学奖,与今年的诺贝尔文学奖一并颁发,文学“双黄蛋”备受瞩目。

阅读短文并回答问题

The Nobel Prize in Literature, which has been awarded annually almost every year since 1901, netted the winning author 747,000 pounds ($915,000), a medal and certificate, and the legal duty to deliver a lecture in Sweden at some future date. The winner was selected, as usual, by the Swedish Academy, which also picked a second laureate(获奖者)this year to make up for the fact that no prize was presented in 2018 because of a scandal.

碟调

The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2018 was awarded to the Polish author Olga Tokarczuk “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic(百科全书式的)passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life”. She won last year’s Man Booker International Prize for her novel Flights. Her representative works include Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead and Primeval and Other Times.

The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2019 was awarded to the Austrian author Peter Handke “for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience”. His representative works include Sorrow Beyond Dreams, Slow Homecoming and The Great Fall.

Before the announcement of the Nobel Prize in Literature winners, there are also two nominees(被提名者)who have attracted much attention. Chinese people are keeping their eyes on nominee Can Xue.

Can Xue, whose real name is Deng Xiaohua, was born in原创诺贝尔文学奖公布,诞生“双黄蛋” Central China’s Hunan Province in 1953. She had a tough childhood working as a worker in a street factory for eight years. Her life experience has formed her own unique literary path. Can Xue’s books have been translated and published outside China. Frontier, published in the US in 2017, won attention and applause from the West.

The other hot guess is Japanese writer Haruki Murakami whose books and stories have been bestsellers 原创诺贝尔文学奖公布,诞生“双黄蛋”in Japan as well as internationally, with his works being translated into 50 languages and selling millions of copies outside his native country. His works have received numerous awards. Internet users keep eyes on him in the Nobel Prize in Literature because he has become hot guess for years. His representative works include Norwegian Wood, Kafka on the Shore and 1Q84.

1. Why are two writers awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature this year?

A. To fill the prize gap of 2018.

B. To attract more people’s attention.

C. To inspire more extraordinary writers.

D. To satisfy the development of literature.

2. What made Olga Tokarczuk win the Nobel Prize in Literature?

A. Her high popularity.

B. Her language skills.

C. Her numerous works.

D. Her writing characteristics.

3. Which book can you choose if you are interested in Peter’s style?

A. Flights.

B. The Great Fall.

C. Frontier.

D. Kafka on the Shore.

4. What’s paragraph 4 mainly about?

A. The introduction to Can Xue.

B. The literary style of Can Xue.

C. The life experience of two nominees.

D. The great achievements of two nominees.

5. Why do the Internet users pay close attention to Haruki Murakami?

A. He has created hundreds of great novels.

B. He has received lots of awards all the time.

C. He has been supposed to win the prize for years.

D. He has been recognized as the most popular writer.

参考答案

ADBAC

单词学习

1. net v. 净赚;获得利益

The sale of paintings netted £17,000.

卖画净赚了17000英镑。

2. scandal n. 丑闻 to cause a scandal 引发丑闻

3. narrative adj. 叙事的 narrative fiction 叙事小说

4. periphery n. 边缘

5. Man Booker International Prize 布克国际文学奖

6. linguistic adj. 语言的

7. ingenuity n. 独创性

She showed amazing ingenuity in finding ways to cut costs.

她在削减开支方面表现出惊人的聪明才智。

8. applause n. 欢呼,掌声

9. numerous adj. 许多的

He has been late on numerous occasions. 他已经迟到过无数次了。

知识拓展

Olga Tokarczuk:波兰作家、诗人、心理学家和剧作家。曾在华沙大学受过心理学培训,出版过一系列诗歌、小说和散文作品。她的知名作品有《书中人物旅行记》、《太古和其他的时间》和《白天的房子,夜晚的房子》等。2018年她荣获诺贝尔文学奖。20原创诺贝尔文学奖公布,诞生“双黄蛋”18年5月,她凭借小说《航班》获得了国际布克奖,2019年4月,她凭借小说《让你的犁头碾着死人的白骨前进》获得了2019布克国际文学奖(短名单)。

Peter Handke:奥地利著名小说家、剧作家,也是当代德语文学最重要的作家之一,荣获2019年诺贝尔文学奖。他的代表作包括剧本《冒犯观众》、小说《守门员对点球的焦虑》等。在文学创作之外,汉德克与文德斯合作编剧的《柏林苍穹下》成为影史经典,他导演的电影《左撇子女人》曾获戛纳电影节最佳影片提名。

残雪:原名邓小华,1970年后历任街道工厂工人,个体裁缝。1985年开始发表作品。1988年加入中国作家协会,先锋派文学代表人物。她的部分作品在中国香港和台湾地区出版,并被译介到日本、法国、意大利、德国和加拿大等国家。2015年,残雪的作品获得美国纽斯达克文学奖提名;获得美国最佳翻译图书奖提名以及英国伦敦独立外国小说奖提名。

村上春树:日本后现代主义作家。29岁开始写作,第一部作品《且听风吟》即获得日本群像新人奖,1987年第五部长篇小说《挪威的森林》上市至2010年在日本畅销一千万册,国内简体版到2004年销售总量786万,引起“村上现象”。其作品在世界范围内具有广泛知名度,作品风格深受欧美作家的影响,基调轻盈,少有日本战后阴郁沉重的文字气息,被称作第一个纯正的“二战后时期作家”,并被誉为日本80年代的文学旗手。

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